This letter was written by Samuel H. D, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry -- one of Fox's 300 Fighting Regiments. He was the youngest of three brothers who served in the same company.The other two brothers were Daniel C. I received the letter which you sent in [brother] Williams on Thursday evening. This forenoon we had preaching in our camp which I attended. Our meetings seem a little odd to those we used to attend for here we must sit on the ground, and if we look to the ladies side we cant see any ladies. [Cousin] John and [brother] Daniel were out of camp and attended preaching in a meeting house. This was something new for them and especially the manner in which the meeting was conducted.
For the last few days I acted as orderly for our Adjutant and for that reason I was not put on guard today. Daniel has again come to camp and I suppose he will stay here as our flour is all [gone] and therefore he can bake no more; we however still get bread. William Knarrone of our messis sick and in the hospital, but he is again able to be out and I trust in a few days he will again be well. ¹ From your last letter I infer that till the last of this week you will be here to pay us a visit.
I will be glad to see you come and hope you will have a pleasant trip. I will now close hoping you will get this before you leave home.Daniel said he would not encourage Sarah to come down, but if she does come, she shall bring Derbin with her. ¹ William Knarr was killed on Sunday morning, May 3rd at Chancellorsville as the 148th Pennsylvania lay pinned down in the road leading to United States Ford. Losing his patience, Knarr raised up to fire at the Johnnies when he was struck and fell backward, then dragged himself out of the line and lay stilldead. [The Story of our Regiment, page 632]. The 148th Pennsylvania spent the first three months of their service guarding a section of the Northern Central Railroad in Maryland, with headquarters in Cockeysville.
They joined the Army of the Potomac after the Battle of Fredericksburg and suffered heavily in the Battle of Chancellorsville where they saw their first action. They were also engaged in the wheat field at Gettysburg, the Mine Run Campaign, and the Overland Campaign. All three brothers were wounded in action during the war. Daniel and William were both wounded within a couple of days of each other; William at Spotsylvania Court House and Daniel at the Po River during the Overland Campaign. Samuel was killed on the afternoon of 1 May 1863 in early stages of the Battle of Chancellorsville.The letter is in very good condition, no tears or splits, with typical age toning. D, 148th Pennsylvania (not included).
In the book, The Story of Our Regiment: A History of the 148th Pennsylvania Vols. Edited by Joseph Wendel Muffly, John B. Holloways story as a drummer in the regiment is captured starting on page 329. In his description of the Battle of Chancellorsville, he makes it clear that he was a cousin to the other Holloways serving in the company and that Samuel Holloway was killed on the battlefieldnot mortally wounded as has been reported elsewhere.He also states that Samuel was not only the regiments first casualty in that battle, but was killed by friendly fire. He explains that while laying on the ground in front of a battery of six guns firing from a clearing near the Chancellorsville house, a shell from one of the guns exploded prematurely as it exited the muzzle and a piece went clear through his body, killing him instantly. In Chancellorsville: The Battle and Its Aftermath, edited by Gary Gallagher, Gallagher also describes Samuels death by friendly fire. As Union artillery near the Chancellor house and Sykes re-formed troops finally broke through the Confederate attack, Hancocks men redeployed near the crossroads at Chancellorsville. For now, as ordered, they massed in the clearing in front of the Chancellor house and faced south, linking up with the right flank of Sykes division and facing the growing threat along the Orange Plank Road.
They stayed in this position only briefly but long enough for the 148th Pennsylvania to suffer its first battle-related death. Samuel Holloway was killed by the friendly fire of Union batteries shooting over their own infantry, an inadvisable practice because of the unreliability of shell fuses and the frequency of short rounds. That first death left a lasting mark in the memory of his comrades. Campbell recalled that one year to the day on our way to the wilderness we put a marker to his grave. More details about Samuels gruesome death are related in Sergeant Henry Clay Campbells'The Story of Company D, Part III,' pages 645-646 from J.Muffly's The Story of Our Regiment: A History of the 148th Pennsylvania Volunteers (Des Moines, Iowa: The Kenyon Printing & Mfg Co, 1904). We soon got up quarters, this time twelve men in one tent, one bunk above the other.
We did picket duty on the Rappahannock. Much might be said of the homesickness and hardship of this winter.
I recall one night when the snow fell about ten inches, we were on the support most of the night; there was not a stick of wood or a stump to sit on within a mile of us. We walked in a circle most of the time. Spring  came and we were off for Chancellorsville. The first man killed was Samuel Holloway.
He was lying with his head between my feet when the shell from our own guns cut him in two. This seemed a little like war I thought. In this battle I was shot through the right leg and the right side.
I found there was none living within twenty feet or more of me; all were dead or had been wounded and left in the rear. Just as I hobbled to the rear Colonel Beaver fell and was carried back. On our way out the bottom of the cook pan on my back was knocked out, the ball lodging in the last ply of the blanket. A little way to the rear I found the good Chaplain Stevens, who carried me about a mile to the field hospital. I shall never forget him.
HISTORY OF THE 148th PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY REGIMENT. Robert McFarlane, George Fairlamb, James F. Bayard; Majors -- George A.Fairlamb, Robert Henry Forster, James F. This regiment was composed of seven companies recruited in Center county, two in Indiana and Jefferson counties, and one in Clarion. It rendezvoused at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, where it was mustered into the U. 8, 1862, for three years. Beaver had served in a militia company, as 1st Lieutenant in the 2nd Volunteer Infantry, and as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 45th. He was appointed Colonel of the 148th at the request of the line officers. A number of the other officers had also previously been in service. The total enrollment of the regiment was 1,339, of whom 12 officers and 198 enlisted men were killed or died of wounds, and 4 officers and 183 enlisted men died of disease, accident or as prisoners. The total of killed and wounded was 769 and 62 died in Confederate prisons. It was one of the three hundred fighting regiments enumerated in Fox's "Regimental Losses, " and participated in the following engagements: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Po river, Spotsylvania, Totopotomy, Cold Harbor, Prison Guard Salisbury, N. First assaults on Petersburg, siege of Petersburg, Jerusalem Plank Road, Deep Bottom, Reams' Station, Hatcher's Run, White Oak Road and Farmville.
For three months after its organization it was engaged in guarding a section of the Northern Central railroad in Maryland, with headquarters at Cockeysville, and joined the Army of the Potomac at Falmouth immediately after the battle of Fredericksburg. It was assigned to Caldwell's (1st) Brigade, Hancock's (1st) Division, 2nd Corps, and remained with this division throughout its term of service. It suffered severely in its first battle, Chancellorsville, where it lost 31 killed 119 wounded and 14 missing, Col. Beaver being severely wounded early in the engagement. It arrived on the field of Gettysburg on the second day of the battle and took position on the crest to the left of Cemetery hill.It was hotly engaged for about an hour in the afternoon of July 2 at the Wheatfield in front of Round Top and then retired to its original position. Its loss was 19 killed, 101 wounded and 5 missing. After the battle it shared in the pursuit of the enemy, and in the Virginia and Mine Run campaigns. 29 it received 125 drafted men and towards the middle of November 158 more were added to the ranks. Many of these were good recruits, though a few were worthless and depraved.
The command went into winter quarters near Stevensburg, Va. Where 120 more recruits were received. It lost only 1 man killed at the Wilderness, as it acted mainly as support to the other troops. It was heavily engaged at the Po river and Spotsylvania, where it lost 31 killed, 235 wounded and 33 missing, a total of 301, the greatest loss inflicted on any infantry regiment at Spotsylvania. Fairlamb was here severely wounded and taken prisoner.In the assault on Petersburg on June 16, Col. Beaver, in command of the 3d brigade, was severely wounded. He rejoined the regiment as the battle of Reams, station was beginning and was again wounded, losing a leg. The 148th was one of the regiments -one from each division being selected - to be armed with breech-loading rifles the selection being made by Gen.
It was highly commended by Gen. Miles for its gallant conduct at Sutherland's station on the South Side railroad in April, 1865. And was there mustered out on June 3, 1865.
Source: The Union Army, Vol. The item "1862 Civil War SOLDIER Letter KIA 148th Pennsylvania 3 Brothers In Same Regmt" is in sale since Sunday, August 16, 2020. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\Civil War (1861-65)\Original Period Items\Correspondence, Mail". The seller is "senft" and is located in Hanover, Pennsylvania. This item can be shipped to United States.